Electricians are individuals who are trained to install, repair and maintain electrical systems. If you are looking for a high-paying career that does not require a college degree, then you may want to consider becoming an electrician. This field is expected to increase by 23 percent within the next 10 years, which is faster than the national average.
Color vision, troubleshooting skills, critical thinking skills and managerial skills are necessary for being a successful electrician. Below is the step by step process that you will have to take if you want to become an electrician:
Enroll In An Electrician Program
In most cases, electricians get the training that they need by completing a formal apprenticeship. Even though college is not necessary to become an electrician, you may find it helpful to take some mathematics and science courses at a technical college.
The requirements needed to start an apprenticeship program can vary. However, almost all programs require that interested students be at least 18 years old, possess a high school diploma or GED and earn a high score on the aptitude test. You may also be required to undergo a drug test before you enter an electrician program. If you are currently in the military, then you may still be able to get training in the electrical field. There are Navy and Army programs that help prepare people to become electricians.
It is very important for you to make sure that you choose an accredited program. The National Electrical Contractors’ Association and The National Joint Apprenticeship Program are two of the organizations that sponsor electrician programs.
It takes most students four or five years to complete an apprenticeship. You will be required to complete at least 144 hours of classroom training and an additional 2,000 hours of on-the-job training. You will most likely be paid for your on-the-job training.
While you are in classroom, you will learn about electrical code requirements, blueprint reading, mathematics, first aid and safety practices. Some programs also offer additional training related to elevators, fire alarm systems, soldering and communications. Many people who graduate from an electrician program are also qualified to do maintenance and construction work.
After you complete an electrician program, you must earn your license. Keep in mind that the licensing requirements can vary from state to state. However, all states require that you take an examination before you earn your license. Most states require that earn a score of at least 75 percent on the examination. The exam will test your knowledge on the national electrical code, electrical theory, building codes and local electrical codes.
Where Can Electricians Work?
Sixty-two percent of electricians work in the electrical contractors’ industry. Ten percent on electricians are self-employed. An electrician can work inside, outside, in businesses, factors, construction sites and people’s homes. Some electricians are required to travel long distances.
The vast majority of electricians are employed full-time. They may also be required to work during the evenings and on weekends. Additionally, electricians often have to work overtime in order to meet their deadlines. Electricians who are self-employed may be able to set their own schedule.
You may be required to take continuing education courses throughout your career. These courses are typically related to changes to the electrical code and safety practices.
This post is a guest contribution from a DIU fanatic who used to work in IT and live AV wiring.